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Speech/language pathologists (SLP), commonly referred to as speech therapists, provide evaluation and remediation services. SLPs work in a variety of settings including schools, hospitals, private practice, rehab centers, skilled nursing facilities, and state and local health departments. SLPs within the school setting provide services for students from birth through age 21 based upon state special education criteria. Some of the services commonly provided by SLPs within the school setting are included below. 

Language:
  • Provide services for the five domains of language: (1) semantics (vocabulary), (2) syntax (sentence structure), (3) morphology (word forms and grammar), (4) phonology (sounds), and (5) pragmatics (social language)
  • Collaborate with Special Education teachers to use curriculum extension activities to increase skills in the language areas of semantics (vocabulary) and syntax (sentence formulation)
  • Co-teach lessons with Special Education and General Education teachers targeting pragmatic (social language) skill development for peer interactions

Literacy:
  • Offer literacy intervention in oral comprehension for students with language/learning needs
  • Lead whole class lessons in kindergarten and first grade on phonological awareness
  • Co-teach activities with the kindergarten and first grade teams for story narratives and sequential markers for story organization

Articulation:
  • Teach students placement of the articulators of the mouth for correct sound production
  • Partner with teachers and families for carryover activities to practice speech sound production

Fluency/Stuttering:
  • Teach students techniques to shape rhythm and smoothness of speech production

Voice:
  • Teach students vocal health and hygiene fundamentals, and safe vocal use

Augmentative and Alternative Communication:
  • Partner with students and staff to provide meaningful opportunities to use dedicated voice output devices for interactions throughout the school day

Autism Spectrum Disorder:
  • Teach students social expectations, organizational systems, and conversational strategies for peer and academic situations.